Ghana Produces 14 Thousand Tons of Waste Every Day How This Country Processes It

Ghana Produces 14 Thousand Tons of Waste Every Day How This Country Processes It. This waste sorting facility is still relatively new in Ghana. This installation produces even more other products, some of the waste is used to produce electricity and compost. Facilities like this can actually help us to collect rubbish and use it. That is, in a way that creates jobs in this community. They collect the rubbish that is sent there.

Then, they use it. This facility performs an important task, as the waste problem in Ghana is huge. 14 thousand tons of waste is generated every day, and only ten percent of it is collected. This problem creates greenhouse gas emissions and the spread of disease, which also causes flooding. It is now proven that waste is a source of valuable raw materials if processed properly. Solomon Anhwere is a farmer. He and his children now use fertilizer derived from organic waste for their corn fields. Before I started using fertilizer in the fields, the yield was only small, but now it has increased noticeably. I harvested more corn this year.

Last year, I got about 10 sacks. This year it will be 20 sacks. So compost does help. Compost is created at a hybrid “waste to energy” plant near Kumasi City. There, waste is also used to produce electricity from bio gas. The installation operating on solar power produces 400 kW of energy. Enough to supply electricity for 500 households. This is the first installation of its kind in Ghana. Its establishment required funds of 5.8 million Euros and most of it was funded by the German government. This installation was also developed with knowledge from Germany. They never lack raw materials. Waste is brought from Gyankobaa City. In a day we process 10 tons, and in the end, we get about 50 cubic meters of gas.

The plant does not process metal, but plastic waste is crushed and sent elsewhere for recycling. Organic waste is used to produce bio gas with the help of bacteria in a biological reactor. In the yellow-painted building behind him, bio gas is converted into electricity by a generator. The installation will employ a team of 50 people. Currently, the installation has 20 workers, including waste processing experts who receive further training in the field of bio gas technology from partners in Germany.

So far, the energy produced has not been distributed to the national grid, because the amount of energy produced by the installation is not enough for the national transmission system. Currently, we are looking for ways to increase energy production from biogas so that it is more than the solar energy currently available in the installation. So that later it can be connected to the national network. So we have waste from biogas which has been converted into energy.

So we are trying to be successful in producing more energy in the coming months so that it can be connected to the national grid. The “energy waste” installation near Kumasi is a pilot project. The Ghanaian government plans to set up ten such installations across the country.